“I pay for everything in cash, I never finance anything” or “I’ve never had to take out a loan, I don’t believe in it”. Every so often, I encounter this type of feedback from a business owner. The attitude usually goes along with a strong, hands-on work ethic for an owner which has built their business from the ground up. They have worked long hours, suffered through the ups and downs and sacrificed family time and vacations to make their business survive. Their belief is, if they cannot pay for something with cash then they do not need it.
I respect the energy and devotion but I also take note that the strategy seems to apply to small, family owned businesses with a small number of employees which have remained flat in their growth and have stopped expanding years ago. Expansion and reaching new markets are not typically part of their business plan and they are happy with a fixed income often servicing the same clientele they have for years.
The downside of never financing anything is the limited amount of expansion which can occur. In essence, they cannot grow beyond what is in their bank account at any moment in time. For example, a small business with $100,000 of capital desires to purchase a new $40,000 machine which will speed up production or bring them into a new market or simply replace an old machine; if they decide to pay cash that will leave them with $60,000 in cash reserves. If they encounter an emergency which requires $30,000 then that will leave them with little cash cushion in their account. They have also limited themselves in the case if another opportunity should surface at the same time they would not be able to take advantage of it like paying early for inventory to get a good discount.
The other negative of never borrowing is that your business will not have any established comparable credit so in the case when you do decide to finance anything, the likelihood of getting approved is marginal. A lender will not be able to assess your ability to pay back debt since you have never had any. Some business owners feel it should be viewed positively that you have never had to borrow but in the finance world it is not a positive. No credit history equals no loan.
The mantra in financing is ‘it is easier to finance equipment than it is money’ which is primarily true. Yes, you can get low cost capital from your bank if you have an established credit line but that line will have a limit. It is not a good move to use your credit line to finance an asset or equipment because that line should be used as either a last emergency resort or for short term borrowing. Finance rates are now in the 4-6% which can be stretched out to 5 years and sometimes longer. Many times, when expanding in a careful and planned manner, the finance payment will be less than the added revenue of your new equipment. This is true of energy and cost efficient industrial machines, solar systems and LED lighting.
Financing equipment for your business offers you the opportunity to expand, create more profit and reach new markets and clients. For those that want to know the benefits of never financing anything it is this; you will never owe anybody anything, no monthly payments, no interest and no chance of borrowing more than you can pay back but in that perceived safety there is also some risk and missed opportunity.
There was a time, not too many years ago, when relationship articles were the hot topic. They still are, but they’re not the hottest topic anymore. In its place is now money and security.
One of my publishers, whose opinions I greatly respect, was talking to me about the kinds of articles that most people are reading these days and we thought that with people so concerned about wanting to meet and marry their soul mate, that they were the articles most people gravitate toward. We were wrong.
I was looking over the stats of the articles that I’ve written over the last four years (over 900 articles) and what I discovered is that relationships, which used to be the prime focus of people, has been steadily losing ground to articles about money.
People are now more concerned about financial security than meeting their soul mate. There is more of a here today, gone tomorrow, way of looking at their lives. And business articles, which used to be a big drawing card, don’t seem to have the same impact that they used to.
Today’s hot topics center around getting money for nothing. People have always been attracted to articles about getting a lot of money without having to work for it, but lately, it’s been almost a mania, as evidenced by all the people who set up gofundme websites. This concept is now called crowdsourcing. I call it panhandling or standing there with a begging bowl in your hands asking strangers for money.
I had heard a story about a lazy, spoiled, twenty-one-year-old girl, who is in excellent health, setting up a gofundme website asking people to donate money so that she can go to Japan on a two-week vacation. The hands out, begging bowl concept, annoyed me so much that I wrote an article about it. And, wouldn’t you know it, but the number of people who read that one article climbed much higher and much faster than most of my other articles.
People take a look at Bill Gates and Warren Buffett and all they can see is the billions of dollars they have and they want to have what those two men have. They don’t see all the hard work that went into accumulating that wealth, nor do they see the kind of hard work they do to sustain their wealth. They just see a lot of money and they think they are entitled to the same riches.
Sad to say, but we’re living in a lazy, selfish, society these days and we’ve lost our moral compass along the way. We need to get back to the things that are really important before our whole society comes crumbling down around us.
There are literally hundreds of article and books devoted on budgeting money carefully. I will write on two methods that help me budget money carefully in hopes that others may be able to use this knowledge to help them in their future endeavors.
Method #1: If You Use A Credit Card, Always Check Your Statement Online At Least Once A Week
Most Americans probably own and use a credit card whenever they make purchases, either because it’s convenient and/or because they can get reward points for it. Most Americans are probably aware of the countless stories and articles about credit card debt. However, most credit card debt could be avoided if one pays attention every week to their credit card statements every week.
Whenever I look at my credit card statement every week, I can see how much my balance is as well as what I am spending my money on. When you take a look at what you are spending money on, you can see what expenses you are acquiring that are not always necessary such as eating out or buying things you might not need. It is always important to keep track of your purchases so you can understand where your money is going and if you are making purchases that you can try and trim down a little. The main takeaway from this method is always be aware of how much you are spending.
Method #2: Always Be Aware Of How Much Money Is In Your Bank Account
Most banks will allow you to see your statement online. This is very useful as it allows you to access how much money you have in your account at all times. You should always be aware of how much money you have so that you know how much you can spend. Financial problems often occur when people spend money and are not aware of how much they are spending and how much money they actually have to spend. The main takeaway from this method is always be aware of how much you have available to spend.
The Minha Casa, Minha Vida (My House, My Life) campaign was launched by the Federal Government in March 2009 as one of the means of eliminating the inequality gap and housing deficit in Brazil (of over 10 million houses).
With an initial governmental investment of over $64 BRL billion, 1 million houses are in the process of being built and allocated to families on a means tested basis (with more expected):
– Households with a total income of up to 3 times the minimum wage (currently at $465 BRL per month) can access the full allowance without any insurance and notary registration costs to pay;
– Households with a total income between 3 and 6 times the minimum wage can gain income supplements for loans; a discount on the cost of insurance; a 90% reduction of the notary registration cost and access to the guaranteed’ fund (which will cover in the case of unemployment, death or other specified circumstances);
– Households with a total income of between 6 and 10 the minimum wage can receive lower costs of insurance, an 80% reduction of the notary registration cost and access to the guaranteed’ fund.
The Minha Casa, Minha Vida (My House, My Life) campaign was announced by the Federal Government in March 2009 as one of the means of reducing the inequality gap and housing deficit in Brazil (of over 10 million houses).
With an initial governmental investment of over $64 BRL billion, 1 million houses are planned to be built and allocated to families on a means tested basis:
– Households with a total income of up to 3 times the minimum wage (currently at $465 BRL per month) can access the full allowance without any insurance and notary registration costs to pay;
– Households with a total income between 3 and 6 times the minimum wage can gain income supplements for loans; a discount on the cost of insurance; a 90% reduction of the notary registration cost and access to the guaranteed fund (which will cover in the case of unemployment, death or other specified circumstances);
– Households with a total income of between 6 and 10 the minimum wage can receive lower costs of insurance, an 80% reduction of the notary registration cost and access to the guaranteed fund.
*** ADMINISTRATION ***
Under the program (administered and governed by the Caixa Econmica Federal), households are able to purchase a house with a close to zero interest rate and refinance it over 36 months. As an example, those households that are earning up to 3 times the minimum wage will be allowed to purchase a house up to the value of $BRL 52,000, for which the scheme will contribute $BRL 46,000 leaving the buyer to provide the remainder $BRL 6,000 this would (usually) be borrowed from the Caixa Econmica Federal. Those in the higher income brackets are able to access smaller subsidies and finance packages. The maximum loan-to-value (LTV) ratio is 90 percent (80 percent for higher-income brackets) with interest rates ranging between 5 and 8 percent.
A number of incentives have also been granted to the Brazilian construction industry including loans at 1% above the TJLP (the long-term interest rate); reduced or completely eliminated tax structures; and extended repayment / grace periods. The Caixa Econmica Federal approves each housing development in conjunction with state or municipal governments.
Homebuyers only have to make their first payments after they move in (whereas most developments would require payments pre-construction and usually a down-payment of some sort).
*** CRITICISMS ***
Minha Casa, Minha Vida has received some criticism from academics, the media and the Brazilian public themselves. One accusation is that the government developed the programme to attract voters; there is the fear that placing political interests above the financial practicality of sustaining the scheme is a dangerous game. Effectively giving loans to poor families has also been looked at as risky, particularly as this was the root cause of the US financial crisis. However, those managing the programme are firm that the Brazils orthodox banking system necessitates for sufficient precautions to be in place where lending decisions are made (only after the thorough checking of earnings declarations and credit records, for example).
Many middle class citizens express their frustration with the fact that they continue to pay high rates of interest with no comparable breaks.
*** MINHA CASA, MINHA VIDA’S FUTURE ***
The employment benefits of the increased construction workers required to meet the ever rising demand of the program has been noted and it has been one of the contributory factors of Brazil’s withstanding of the effects of the global financial crisis.
Furthermore, with a massive under supply of housing throughout the country, the building of new residential developments has long been called for – particularly amongst the lower-working classes.
Perhaps most importantly, the breakthrough in the ability of the poorer end of Brazilian society to better their lives cannot be underestimated and the majority see it as a long-overdue national project which will assist the countrys long-term growth. According to Milton Goldfarb, of Goldfarb Developments Brazil: this is a revolution … Brazil has never had a policy so clearly designed to provide housing for the poor and the lower middle classes.
Retail’s “Lafuma S.A. – Company Capsule” contains in depth information and data about the company and its operations. The profile contains a company overview, key facts, major products and services, financial ratios, key competitors, financial analysis, key employees as well as company locations and subsidiaries
Retail’s “Lafuma S.A. – Company Capsule” is a crucial resource for industry executives and anyone looking to access key information about “Lafuma S.A.”
Retail’s “Lafuma S.A. – Company Capsule” utilizes a wide range of primary and secondary sources, which are analyzed and presented in a consistent and easily accessible format. Retail strictly follows a standardized research methodology to ensure high levels of data quality and these characteristics guarantee a unique report.
Identifies crucial company information about “Lafuma S.A.” along with major products and services for business intelligence requirements.
Details locations, subsidiaries, affiliates and joint ventures.
Provides analysis on financial ratios.
Identifies key employees to assist with key business decisions.
Provides annual and interim financial ratios.
Enhance your understanding of “Lafuma S.A.”
Increase business/sales activities by understanding customers businesses better.
Recognize potential partnerships and suppliers.
Qualify prospective partners, affiliates or suppliers.
Acquire up-to-date company information and an understanding of the companys financial health.
Lafuma S.A. (Lafuma) is a sporting goods and leisure items and equipment manufacturer, marketer and retailer based in France. The company’s brands include Lafuma, Eider, Ober, Millet, le Chameau and Oxbow. It provides general outdoor garments, backpacks, footwear and camping equipment under Lafuma brand. The company provides clothing for mountaineering, skiing, mountain climbing, backpacks, footwear and ropes under Millet brand. It provides clothing and boots for sports such as horse riding, hunting and fishing and gardening under Le Chameau brand. The company provides clothes for skiing, surfing and skating, sandals and travel bags under Oxbow brand. Lafuma through its subsidiaries operates in France, China, Hungary, Belgium, the US, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany and Japan. The company was founded in the year 1930. Lafuma is headquartered in Anneyron, France.
Table of Contents
1 Business Analysis
1.1 Company Overview
1.2 Major Products and Services
2 Analysis of Key Performance Indicators
2.1 Five Year Snapshot: Overview of Financial and Operational Performance Indicators
2.2 Key Financial Performance Indicators
2.2.1 Revenue and Operating Profit
2.2.2 Asset and Liabilities
2.2.3 Net Debt vs. Gearing Ratio
2.2.4 Operational Efficiency
2.3 Key Competitors
3 Key Employees
4 Locations and Subsidiaries
4.1 Head Office
4.2 Other Locations and Subsidiaries
5.2 Ratio Definitions
List of Tables
Table 1: Major Products and Services
Table 2: Key Ratios – Annual
Table 3: Key Ratios – Interim
Table 4: Key Capital Market Indicators
Table 5: Key Employees
Table 6: Subsidiaries
List of Figures
Figure 1: Revenue and Operating Profit
Figure 2: Financial Position
Figure 3: Net Debt vs. Gearing Ratio
Figure 4: Operational Efficiency
Figure 5: Solvency
Figure 6: Valuation
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Career in the end-all of education and most professionals do not have the opportunity to follow the same order. However, if you are already a professional looking forward to enhance your success and opportunities, you could opt for any of the full-time finance courses or choose from part-time certificate courses in finance.
Why finance courses?
Finance is the back-bone of any business and every organization big or small needs finance professionals to ensure that they run smoothly. Finance is the key to business growth and the person that has the best credentials gets the meaty opportunity. Finance courses help you to understand the nuances and the workings of a finance department in a holistic manner thus helping you to choose the right area of expertise or interest.
Finance is one of the top choices for most b-school aspirants today and with demand going up, the opportunities galore also looms large. If you can choose right and get an international certification in finance, you will be beating the crowd hands down.
A person who has completed a finance course or a certificate course in finance can look forward to beginning his/her career as an accountant or a trainee. The opportunities available today are mostly in accounting firms, market research, budgeting firms, big corporations and consultancies both government as well as private.
The prospects are not limited to the corporate arena. Finance professionals with credentials and experience are also highly sought after in education as well as in the freelance arena. They can get good opportunities as lecturers or performing assignment based jobs. Prospects in finance are not limited to India, many finance professionals have also emigrated to the west with highly successful careers.
The following could be a few job titles that you can look forward to, once your complete any of the certification courses in finance
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So, I’m at work the other day and I am talking to people about retirement and personal finance basics. I told them that basically I don’t want to work a job forever and I will most likely leave my current job within the next few years. I was surprised to find that most people I told this to laughed and asked if I was planning to win the lottery. This got me thinking. Is this how most people are planning to retire or leave work early? Do they realize that they could have so much more? After talking to more people and doing a little research, itbecame obvious that not only do most people not have plan, their ideas for attaining retirement are just down right ridiculous.
I find it funny that a large group of people think they will get to retirement by winning the lottery. Perhaps funny is the wrong word, maybe I should say disappointing or unfortunate. Whatever the name, it’s not important, what is important is the fact that this is a “legitimate” plan for a large number of people. Actually, I was quite surprised to find how large of a number it actually is. Consider the stats below:
In a 1999 survey by the Consumer Federation of America and financial services firm Primerica found that 40% of Americans with incomes between $25, 000 and $35, 000 a year, thought that the lottery would give them their retirement nest egg. What is interesting is that the same study found that number to increase to 50% when the income is $15, 000 to $25, 000 a year. The study shows that people become more desperate and hopeless as their income decreases. Consider this: Let’s say you spent $3 a week on lottery tickets each week. If you put that in an investment at 8% for 25 years you would have $12, 557.38. I am confident that this will be more than your total lottery winnings for that 25 year period. The odds are very slim that you will win anything.
The most popular lottery in Canada is the lotto 649. In this lottery six different numbers are randomly drawn from a set of balls with numbers ranging from 1 to 49. Your odds to win are as follows:
1 in 13, 983, 816 or
Odds of being killed by a dog: 1 in 700, 000
If everybody in Canada played the same lotto 649 draw at the same time only 2 people would win. Most people think that playing frequency will dramatically increase their chances of winning. Consider this: If you played the lotto 649 twice a week, every week, for the next thousand years, the chances of winning the jackpot are about 1%. The cost to play the lottery for that thousand years would be about $208, 000 not considering a thousand years of inflation.
I have heard that the lottery is a tax for people who can’t do math. I could not agree more. People who play the lottery don’t understand personal finance basics. I have never played lotto 649 and I intend to keep that streak for life. I see no logical reason to spend money on the lottery when I am 20 times more likely to get killed by a dog. And how many people do you know that have been killed by a dog? I rest my case.